GET A FREE CONSULTATION

(877) 892-2797

Traumatic Brain Injuries “TBI”

TBI may be the result of a variety of accidents and occurrences. First, TBI can result from direct blows to the head, gunshot wounds, violent shaking of the head, or by force from a whiplash sort of injury. Secondly, TBI is seen in cases of concussions, produced when the brain experiences trauma from an impact, sudden momentum or movement change, and, as a result, the blood vessels in the brain stretch and the cranial nerves can become damaged.

Some concussions can cause a blood clot in the brain to form, becoming fatal. Concussions can take a few months to a few years to fully heal. Moreover, TBI can be a contusion resulting from a direct impact to the head, causing bleeding within the brain. TBI can also be a diffuse axonal injury that is typically caused by shaking or a strong rotation of a person’s head, which is most commonly seen with Shaken Baby Syndrome, or by rotational forces, such as a car accident. Finally, TBI can be the result of a penetrating injury to the brain occurring from the impact of a bullet, knife or other sharp object that forces hair, skin, bones and fragments from the object into the brain. TBI is the effect of a variation of accidents and incidents.

TBIs can result from any external force or penetrating injury to the head. Here’s what commonly causes TBIs and what victims can do to seek justice after suffering a TBI.

Get a FREE Consultation
Usefulness of DTI in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are commonly referred to as a concussion. The diagnosis of concussions remains controversial, seeing as how the brain often appears quite normal on conventional computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Before-Mentioned conventional tools, still, do not adequately depict brain injury especially in mTBI patients because such conventional tools are not sensitive in detecting diffuse axonal injuries (DAI), also described as traumatic axonal injuries (TAI), which are major brain injuries in mTBI cases. Moreover, 15 to 30 % of those diagnosed with mTBI on the basis of cognitive and clinical symptoms, do not settle following the first three months post-injury. Rather, cognitive and clinical symptoms persist, and in some cases lead to long-term disability.i

DTI and White Matter
Increasing the Effectiveness of DTI in Viewing White Matter

i Shenton, ME et al. “A Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Diffusion Tensor Imaging Findings in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.” Brain imaging and behavior 6.2 (2012): 137–192. PMC. Web. 10 July 2015.

ii Rugg-Gunn FJ, Symms MR, Barker GJ, Greenwood R, Duncan JS. Diffusion imaging shows abnormalities after blunt head trauma when conventional magnetic resonance imaging is normal. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2001;70:530-3.

iii Assaf Y, Pasternak O. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-based white matter mapping in brain research: A review (Review). J Mol Neurosci 2008;34:51-61.

iv Basser PJ, Pierpaoli C. Microstructural and physiological features of tissues elucidated by quantitative-diffusion-tensor MRI. J Magn Reson B 1996;3:209-19.

v Jeurissen, B., Leemans, A., Jones, D. K., Tournier, J.-D. and Sijbers, J. (2011), Probabilistic fiber tracking using the residual bootstrap with constrained spherical deconvolution. Hum. Brain Mapp., 32: 461–479. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21032.