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Proving Negligent Entrustment in Trucking Cases

Negligent Entrustment in Trucking CasesWhen an owner of a tractor trailer leases his vehicle to another driver, the owner may be held liable for the negligence of the driver under the theory of negligent entrustment.  Texas recognizes a cause of action for negligent entrustment of a motor vehicle.  The elements for negligent entrustment in Texas are:

  1. The owner entrusted his/her vehicle to another person;
  2. That person was an unlicensed, incompetent, or reckless driver;
  3. The owner knew or should have known the driver was unlicensed, incompetent, or had a propensity to drive recklessly;
  4. The driver was negligent on the occasion in question; and/or
  5. The driver’s negligence proximately caused the plaintiff’s injury.


Elements 1, 4, and 5 are pretty straightforward.  The focus of the litigation, and consequently this article, is on elements 2 and 3, which tend to blur together.

Ownership is typically established by a vehicle title or the owner having insurance that covers the vehicle.  Alternatively, ownership can be established by showing an actual right to control the vehicle.  The ability to exercise some control is insufficient for negligent entrustment, since there has to be a superior right to control the vehicle.  The driver’s negligence and causation are your typical negligent elements.

Actual knowledge is not required for negligent entrustment. However, if the driver possesses a valid driver’s license at the time of the entrustment, then this element may not be met without additional evidence at the time of entrustment.  A valid commercial driver’s license is a requirement to hire a commercial vehicle driver, and trucking companies rarely hire someone who does not have a valid license.  However, it’s still possible to prove negligent entrustment.

Courts have upheld a finding of negligent entrustment when the trucking company hired a driver without inquiring or checking his driving record.  By simply checking the driver’s record, the company would have revealed the employee had several traffic convictions, two wrecks that were his fault, and had his license suspended three years earlier.  Because the company had no actual knowledge of his driving record when they hired their driver, the court found this evidence justified a finding of negligent entrustment.

Alternatively, if a trucking company performs a background check and finds evidence of incompetence or recklessness but entrusts the vehicle anyway, the knowledge element is easily met.  Generally, traffic citations for no insurance are not sufficient.  However, traffic citations for speeding, reckless driving, unsafe lane change, etc., or traffic accidents is sufficient to establish recklessness or incompetence.

In some situations, such as dealer-trade drivers, the dealership may hire unfit drivers for a cheap wage.  Typically, these drivers have little to no experience driving commercial vehicles yet are entrusted the vehicle anyway.  The dealership is unlikely to provide any training to the driver as well because they are simply hired on an as-needed basis.  Similarly, some employment applications contain an “experience,” “qualifications,” or “skills” question.  If the driver lists no experience or skill in commercial driving, it may be enough to establish knowledge.  If the motor carrier provides no training to an unexperienced driver, at a minimum, it should have known the drive was incompetent.

The knowledgeable and experienced staff at the Amaro Law Firm are prepared to assist all of our referral partners obtain the most effective results for their clients. We have vast experience investigating and litigating truck wreck cases, including negligent entrustment cases.  If you have a case or cases you would like to discuss referring, you can call us at 1-(713) 352-7975 or e-mail us today.